FAQ references

Sources cited in on our FAQs page


​Do plant-based diets provide enough protein?

  1. V Melina, W Craig, S Levin. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Vegetarian Diets. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116:1970-1980 doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.09.025

  2. Rogerson D (2017) Vegan diets: practical advice for athletes and exercises. Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition. 14:36 doi:10.1186/s12970-017-0192-9

  3. Venderley AM & Campbell WW (2006) Vegetarian Diets: Nutritional Considerations for Athletes. Sports Med. 36(4): 293-305 doi:10.2165/00007256-200636040-00002


Aren't carbohydrates bad?

  1. Rosenbaum M, Hall KD, Guo J, et al. Glucose and lipid homeostasis and inflammation in humans following an isocaloric ketogenic diet. Obesity (Silver Spring). Published online May 8, 2019. doi:10.1002/oby.22468

  2. Sonnenburg ED, Sonnenburg JL. Starving our microbial self: the deleterious consequences of a diet deficient in microbiota-accessible carbohydrates. Cell Metab. 2014;20(5):779-786. doi:10.1016/j.cmet.2014.07.003

  3. Seidelmann SB, et all. Dietary carbohydrate intake and mortality: a prospective cohort study and meta-analysis. Lancet Public Health. 2018 doi:10.1016/S2468-2667(18)30135-X

  4. Trichopoulou A, Psaltopoulou T, Orfanos P, Hsieh CC, & Trichopoulos D. Low-carbohydrate-high-protein diet and long-term survival in a general population cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr. May 2007;61(5):575–581. doi:10.1038/sj.ejcn.1602557

  5. Noto H, Goto A, Tsujimoto T, & Noda M. Low-carbohydrate diets and all-cause mortality: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies. PLoS One. 2013;8(1): e55030. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0055030

  6. Type 2 diabetes topic summary (Doctors For Nutrition)



Are plant-based diets suitable for all stages of life?

  1. V Melina, W Craig, S Levin. Position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: Vegetarian Diets. J Acad Nutr Diet. 2016;116:1970-1980 doi:10.1016/j.jand.2016.09.025

  2. National Health and Medical Research Council (2013) Australian Dietary Guidelines. Canberra: National Health and Medical Research Council

  3. Aune D et al. Fruit and vegetable intake and the risk of cardiovascular disease, total cancer and all-cause mortality-a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Int J Epidemiol. 2017;46(3):1029-1056. doi:10.1093/ije/dyw319

  4. Li Y, Schoufour J, Wang DD, et al. Healthy lifestyle and life expectancy free of cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes: prospective cohort study. BMJ. 2020;368:l6669. Published 2020 Jan 8. doi:10.1136/bmj.l6669

  5. AIHW (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare) 2019, Australian Burden of Disease Study: Impact and causes of illness and death in Australia 2015. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, Canberra.


What about bloating and gas?

  1. O’Keefe SJD, Li JV, Lahti L, et al. Fat, fibre and cancer risk in African Americans and rural Africans. Nature Communications. 2015;6(1):6342. doi:10.1038/ncomms7342

  2. Genoni A, Christophersen CT, Lo J, et al. Long-term Paleolithic diet is associated with lower resistant starch intake, different gut microbiota composition and increased serum TMAO concentrations. Eur J Nutr. 2020;59(5):1845-1858. doi:10.1007/s00394-019-02036-y

  3. Conlon MA, Bird AR. The impact of diet and lifestyle on gut microbiota and human health. Nutrients. 2014;7(1):17-44. doi:10.3390/nu7010017

  4. Kouris-Blazos A, Belski R. Health benefits of legumes and pulses with a focus on Australian sweet lupins. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016;25(1):1. https://search.informit.org/documentSummary;dn=908100617189705;res=IELAPA

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